“Climate change is one of a series of powerful planetary geophysical and biological change that are under way (as biodiversity crisis, land use and freshwater use, ocean acidification, etc.). These changes being extremely rapid, they are altering the basic equilibrium on which rest the security of nations, and play a geostrategic role, which needs to be fully understood, as those systems of planetary changes emerge as very powerful new strategic forces.

These forces are reshaping the whole web of international relationships, as well as the fabric of nations, societies and communities. They are causing new kinds of tensions, which are the engines of actual, and coming, conflicts, struggles, revolutions, and wars.” (Climate change, a geostrategic issue? Yes! by Jean-Michel Valantin)

All actors must consider these deep forces at work as they profoundly already impact our lives and will do so exponentially in the future.

Jean-Michel Valantin (PhD Paris) is the Director of Environment and Geopolitics Analysis at The Red (Team) Analysis Society. He is specialised in strategic studies and defence sociology with a focus on environmental geostrategy.